2010年考研英语写作热点话题预测及示例,BBC纪录片分享

  第一部分:大作文

01.纪录片简介

  一、大学生

The Great Melt,this is the first part in the series Natures’Great
Events. And here is some pictures and texts arranged and edited me from
the documentary. I hope this will help you somewhere.

  可能性分析:2009年,大学毕业生成为了继下岗失业人员、农民工等社会弱势敏感群体之后的又一老大难问题,也成了当下“心照不宣”的热点。


  分析前几年的考研作文,有很多都是和现今学生生活息息相关的。其中涉及了学生生活中的一些现象,比如2003年“温室的花朵经不起风雨”,讲的是年轻人被溺爱的问题;2005年的“养老足球赛”,讲的是年轻人啃老的问题;再如2006年的“把崇拜写在脸上”,“花300块钱做个小贝头”,讲的是大学生偶像崇拜的问题
,以及2009年的网络等等,这些都与大学生的日常生活息息相关。还有一些就是主流价值观里经常标榜的一些学生需要具有的“精神”,比如2004年“终点又是新起点”,讲的是坚持不懈的精神;2007年讲的是自信心问题;2008年“你一条腿,我一条腿,你我一起,走南闯北”,讲的是团结合作的精神。这些也都是社会大众价值观认可,年轻人应该具备的品德和精神。并且,考虑到考研不考热点的这个原则,学生也符合这个原则,因为对于学生的问题并不是一两个事件将其炒热的,因为它一直都很热,经常被人提起,所以反倒没有太多人会注意了。

The power of the sun drives the seasons,transforming our planet. Vast
movements of ocean and air currents bring dramatic change throughout the
year. And in a few special places, these seasonal changes create some of
the greatest wildlife spectacles on earth. Here in the Arctic, each
summer, the sun begins to melt the winter ice. Nearly 3 million square
miles of ice will disappear. Opening up a narrow window of opportunity
for millions of animals. For many it’s their best chance to feed and
breed.

  1. 考点:找工作就业,技能为王

THE MELTING in Arctic

  图画预测:一个戴着眼镜的大学生怀抱一大堆证书,但找不到工作。

And what I take as the model to show this documentary is the Polar
bear
. For polar bears, it’s the hardest time of the year. They have to
survive the greatest seasonal change on the planet. Winter in the
Arctic. 
The Northern Lights flicker across the sky. It’s a land of
continuous night, where temperatures plummet to -40. Polar bears are in
their element, hunting forseals on the frozen sea.

  e.g. Holding a multitude of certificates, a college student can not
find a desired job。

But the longnight is coming to an end.In February, the sun rises for
the first time in four months.
In the coming weeks, the strength of the
sun will power anenormous change. But for now, its rays offer only a
little warmth. Despite the sun’s return, 6 million square miles of the
planet’s far north is still cloaked in ice. Deep snow covers the
mountains. Even the sea is frozen solid many meters deep.

  关键词:

Polar bears waited for seals to surface through a hole in the ice,
they must catch a seal about once a week, and this is the best hunting
season. As long as there is sea ice the bears won’t go hungry because
walking on the ice is the easiest way for a bear to get close to a seal.

  job-hunting, employment, employer, employee, degree, certificate,
academic records, interview, experienced, lack of experience, apply sth.
into practice, practical skills,technician, career life

Mother Bear spread her weight to avoid breaking ice

  原因一:在学校里面学习的课程很难满足社会和实际的需要。结果,学校里面学到的只是不能被运用于实践。

But since the melting begin,the ice will soon start to break up, and
hunting will get harder.At this time of year, there are still only five
hours of daylight. But as the sun rises higher, each day lasts 40
minutes longer.It’s March,and with increasing sunlight,the first in
a huge wave of migrants are arriving.

  The courses taught in college can hardly meet the social and
practical demands. Consequently, the knowledge learned in school can not
be applied into practice。

Three months since the sun’s return, its power is growing daily. The air
temperature rises slowly, and once above zero, at long last, the melt
begins. Melting snow feeds freshwater streams which pour off the land.
In just a few shortdays, the melt unveils a whole new landscape. The
snow may be disappearing from the land. But the sea ice has yet to melt.
The coastline is still locked in ice. Since the sea ice is so thick, it
won’t begin to break up until the temperature stays above zero for a
number of days.

  原因二:在大学里,大家都重视学习成绩而不是工作经验的积累,这一点对他们以后的职业生涯造成了很大的负面影响。

The bear’s world is about to melt away.

  In universities, students attach great importance to the academic
records rather than working experience, which has a negative influence
on their future career life。

It’s now June, and the sun beats down 24 hours a day. The
temperature remains constant above zero degrees. The frozensea begins to
melt. Pools form across the surface, absorbing more of the sun’s heat,
speeding the thaw. Sunlight penetrates the frozen surface, illuminating
astrange world beneath the ice. The frozen barrier has split.

  2. 考点:找什么样的工作(面包还是理想)

A polar bear can smell a seal from over a mile away. But the prey he
depends on is hard to find in this constantly moving landscape. He must
take to the water to navigate through the drifting maze of ice. As the
ice melts, finding seals gets harder. And with more open water, it’s
easier for a seal to escape. The melt has caused a shift in power. Now
it’s advantage seals.

  图画预测:一个大学生面前有个天枰,一边是自己喜欢的工作(并写着工资低),一边是自己不喜欢的工作(并写着工资高)。

Bears are excellent swimmers, but he’s no match for a seal.

  e.g. Considering two positions, a desirable job with low income and
an undesirable one with extremely high salary, a boy is thinking which
one to choose。

In November,the sun sets over the frozen north.It will not appear
again for four months. The summer melt provides opportunities for
millions of animals, but has now become a threat to the polar bear’s
very survival. This season, the bear has survived the greatest melt yet
recorded, and made it through to the Arctic winter.

  关键词:

Besides the polar bears, this documentary also introduece the Arctic
seabirds、the seals、the Beluga whales、Arctic fox、etc. It’s a good
choice if you want to know something about the Acttic, and it will help
you if you want to get some new words related to the Global warming、the
Arctic changing.

  personal preference, salary, income, sustain / support one’s family,
ideal, interest, favorite job, future development

02.一些语言知识点

  原因一:做喜欢的事情没有意义,要喜欢做你正在做的事情。

整部纪录片中,并没有特别难记冗长的单词,也没有太多口语化的词汇,整体语言风格严谨细致,偏向于书面化,我把其中一些在新闻阅读中可能出现的比较多的句子整理出来,希望对大家有用。

  It is no use doing what you like; you have to like what you do。

1).Vast movements of ocean and air currents bring dramatic change
throughout the year.

  原因二:工作的目的不仅是实现个人的梦想和报复,还要养家糊口。

全年,一系列海洋和大气的运动带来了巨大的气候变化。

  Working not only aims to realize one’s dream and ambition but also
to sustain himself and his family。

Vast movements of:一系列的,大范围的,剧烈的。e.g:
the vast movements of the earth’s curst created
a vast land of Australia.

  二、环境

throughout the year:一年到头,全年,一整年。e.g:I am sleepy
throughoutthe year.

  可能性分析:“环境”恐怕是2009年留给我们最值得回味的问题了。全球气候持续变暖,要不了五十年水城威尼斯将被海水淹没,南太平洋上的弹丸小国三分之二的国土已经被水淹没,不复存在,是谁之过?气候变暖,温室效应,全球60亿居民欠他们一句道歉。环境的恶化所引发的不仅仅如此,温度的升高不仅将融化两极引发洪水,它同样能使某些地方极具干旱,颗粒无收。这一切的始作俑者——人类,
开始着手修补这个千疮百孔的世界,这一切会有好的转机吗?

2).Opening up a narrow window of opportunity for millions of
animals.

  1. 考点:干旱(大地的皱纹)

为数百万的动物打开了一扇能够勉强看到希望的窗户。

  图画预测:一个农民面对一片颗粒无收的干涸的田地。

Opening up:开放,扩大,打通。e.g:Chinese opening up bring people new
hope.

  e.g. Witnessing the arid field, a farmer is hopeless。

a window of opportunity:希望的窗户。e.g:Oh my godness,please,just open a
window of opportunity to this poor guy.

  关键词:

3).The Northern Lights flicker across the sky.

  green effect, temperature rising, deforestation, arid, drought,
fertile, barren, poverty

北极光在天空中闪烁。

  原因一:随着气温的升高,土地变得比以前更加干旱了。

across:横跨,横穿,穿越。相比于cross,across前需加上动词。go
across=cross。e.g:Be careful when you are going across the road.

  With the ever increasing temperature, the land becomes more arid
than before。

4).It’s a land of continuous night, where temperatures plummet to
-40.

  原因二:由于大量的砍伐森林,土地被严重地破环并变得贫瘠。

这片土地处于极夜之下,温度骤降到零下40度。

  Due to the extensive deforestation, the land has been seriously
destroyed and becomes barren。

continuous night:极夜

  2. 考点:饥饿

plummet:骤降,侧重下落速度极快。

  图画预测:一个骨瘦如柴的儿童捧着一个空空荡荡的碗。

5).It’s March,and with increasing sunlight,the first in a huge wave of
migrants are arriving.

  e.g. Holding an empty bowl in his hands, a skinny boy is starving to
death。

现在是三月,随着越来越充足的日照,第一批动物的迁徒大潮就要到来了。

  关键词:

a huge wave
of:巨大的浪潮。huge,巨大的,庞大的>large,大型的,量多的>big,大的。

  hungry, starvation, poverty, war, imbalance

6).The air temperature rises slowly, and once above zero, at long
last, the melt begins.

  原因一:由于气温升高,土地变得贫瘠而减产。

气温也在逐步缓慢提升,漫长的等待后,温度终于到达了零度以上,大融化开始。

  Owing to the rise of the temperature, the land becomes barren and
unproductive。

at long last:终于; 总算; 经过很多苦恼或麻烦之后,语气相比于 at last
更加强烈。e.g: At long last we come to this
moment.

  原因二:发达国家没有有效地帮助落后国家,导致这些国家缺少粮食。

7).In November,the sun sets over the frozen north, it will not appear
again for four months.

  Developed countries fail to offer effective assistance to those
undeveloped ones, which leads to the shortage of food in these nations。

十一月,太阳在冰冷的北方落了下去,接下来四个月内都将不会再升起。

  3. 考点:空气(节能减排)

set over:将··置于··之上;转移、转交。与sun 连用时表示太阳落山。e.g: As
the sun set over the city, families and bands of teenagers strolled
along the river.

  图画预测:图表显示近几年私家车的飙升;图画显示大城市中拥堵的街道和盘旋天空的黑烟。

8).This season, the bear has survived the greatest melt yet
recorded.

  e.g. With the increase of the number of private cars, the quality of
the air condition is decreasing。

这一次,北极熊从记录中规模最大的融化中存活了下来。

  Running on the city roads, a multitude of cars produce an amount of
black smoke。

yet:adv. 还;但是;已经,conj.
但是;然而。yet一般情况下常用于否定句和疑问句(对比already),也有用在陈述句中的特殊情况,意思为“迄今为止”。e.g:No
decision has yet been made.

  关键词:


  private cars, toxic fumes, poisonous fumes, black smoke, air
condition, atmosphere, traffic jam, noise, occupy, space(空间)

Hopes this will help you

  原因一:私家车排除的尾气污染空气,对人类健康产生了可怕的影响。

If you have some questions about the documentary, contact me. And
welcome to discuss with me about the language studying, I am poor about
the spoken language, if you are working and looking for a spoken
partner, here we are.

  The toxic fumes made by cars can pollute the air and have a dreadful
influence on human beings。

以上,侵删。

  原因二:私家车没日没夜地制造噪音干扰人们的生活。


  The noise produced by cars day and night disturbs people’s daily
life。

                                   THE END

  原因三:随着私家车的数量的增加,很多空地被用来停车,这一点会给人们的生活带来很大不便。


  With the rise of the cars, an amount of space is occupied by them,
which will give rise to the inconvenience of our lives。

  4. 考点:水(节约水资源)

  图画预测:一个人打开水龙头,没有水了。

  e.g. Opening the tap, the man finds there is no water on the earth。

  关键词:

  water resource, save water, thrifty, tap water, abuse water   

  三、经济

  可能性分析:去年还有一件大事便是美国的金融危机,这个次热点不容忽视,关于金融危机考到的可能性是有的。当然,可能不一定是直接关于这个危机,让考生分析金融危机产生的原因,这个太过于专业,不会考到。更有可能是让考生透过现象看本质,分析这个危机后面蕴含的实质:透支未来与储蓄现在——中西消费方式和观念的巨大差别。

  图画预测:一个不停消费的美国人,和一个在存钱的中国人;一幅图的人不停在砍伐树木,最后什么都没有了;一幅图的人在精心培育植物,最后花开满地。

  1.考点:中西方消费观念对比

  economic crisis (金融危机)

  consuming habits/ attitudes (消费习惯/观念)

  consume in advance(提前消费)

  advance consuming (提前消费)

  四、灾难(精神)

  可行性分析:地震和雪灾必定是中国人2008年心中无法忘记的痛。当然,这两件事也是2008年的头号大事,尤其是地震。考研不考最热点,所以最大可能性是考次热点。因此,由于不能出一些明显的热点现象,这容易押到题,所以只有用别的图像来表现当下的热点话题。比如像上文提到的2007的自信和2008年的团结合作的两个题,其实就有点隐隐约约说体育精神之嫌。言归正传,地震和雪灾所造成的一系列心理和社会影响与奥运会比绝对是要强大很多的。因为,灾难让人目睹了死亡,让人重新思考了人生。所以,今年十分有可能考到有关灾难的题目。当然了,图画里的灾难或许不是现实中的,并且有可能根本就没有灾难,有的只是在图画背后隐藏着的那些在面对灾难时人们需要的伟大精神。

  1. 考点:乐观(精神)

  optimism, optimistic, pessimistic, pessimism

  2. 考点:谦虚谨慎(对待成功的态度)

  modest, modesty, proud, be proud of

  3. 考点:创新精神

  innovation, innovative, conservation, conservative  

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